Advantages of suspension insulators

The suspension insulators are generally used with steel towers. As the conductors run below the earthed cross-arm of the tower, therefore, this arrangement provides partial protection from lightning.

suspension insulator      suspension insulator

Suspension insulators are cheaper than pin type insulators for voltages beyond 33Kv.
Each unit or disc of suspension insulator is designed for low voltage, usually 11 kV. Depending upon the working voltage, the desired number of discs can be connected in series.
If anyone disc is damaged, the whole string does not become useless because the damaged disc can be replaced by the sound one.
The suspension arrangement provides greater flexibility to the line. The connection at the cross arm is such that insulator string is free to swing in any direction and can take up the position where mechanical stresses are minimum.
In case of increased demand on the transmission line, it is found more satisfactory to supply the greater demand by raising the line voltage than to provide another set of conductors. The additional insulation required for the raised voltage can be easily obtained in the suspension arrangement by adding the desired number of discs.

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