Composite silicone insulators

Composite silicone insulators are widely used in recently years, and this article is about the development and its advantages and disadvantages.

Composite silicone insulator               Composite silicone insulator

Of all the electrical insulating materials, polymers are finding increasing utilization in HV systems and components serving at least two important functions: isolating the conducting components from each other and from the ground, and as load-bearing support. In the early stages of their use as electrical insulation, composite silicone insulators were also thought to have very good resistance to degradation due to conditions found in service (moisture, oxygen, temperature variation).

However, experience, observation and research in recent years has shown that all polymeric dielectrics are prone to degradation under stresses applied or induced in service which eventually leads to system failure. Most common stresses in service conditions to which an insulator is exposed include electric field, temperature variation, humidity, and other environmental factors.

Typical Composite silicone insulators consist of a glass fiber reinforced (GFR), resin-bonded rod onto which metal end fittings are attached. To protect the core from environmental stresses, it is covered with a polymeric cover, called the housing. Epoxies were used for this purpose first, but after some bad experiences, hydrocarbons and silicones have dominated. Today, common housing materials are EPR and EPDM; different types of SIR; so-called alloy rubbers, which are blends of EPDM and SIR; and ethylene vinyl acetate- based elastomer.

In recent years, polymeric insulating materials with excellent weather resistance and mechanical performance have been developed, and research, development and trial application of insulators made of such materials are being promoted. Since Composite silicone insulators have excellent resistance to pollution and mechanical impact, these features can be used to reduce the size of transmission lines. In overseas countries, such composite silicone insulators are effectively used as line-post insulators to reduce the size of transmission lines. Polymer insulation arms with the functions of both steel tower arms and porcelain insulators are being developed.

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